Anyone that’s owned Rhode Island Reds will attest to just how amazing, wonderfully well-mannered, and beautiful these creatures can be.
Although both Rhode Island Red hens and roosters are gorgeous souls, if you’re raising them yourself, you don’t want too many roosters, if any — depending on the requirements of your flock!
When you’re raising your own baby chicks, one of the biggest challenges is determining whether they are female or male.
We can lend a helping hand.
Here are the main differences between Rhode Island Red hens and roosters and how you can tell the difference from an adult age all the way down to baby chicks. All to help you prepare your flock accordingly!
Rhode Island Red Hen Vs. Rooster: How To Tell The Difference
When Rhode Island Red chickens have matured, it’s very easy to spot the difference. Even for someone with very little chicken knowledge, you can kind of guess it.
This is because roosters in general are much larger have bigger combs and wattles, and are much more boisterous and loud.
However, the younger the chicken is, the more challenging determining the sex becomes. At the young ages of 1-6 weeks, you will barely see any difference!
To help you understand what chicks you are dealing with, here are all the main physical and behavioral differences between a hen and rooster of a Rhode Island Red.
Size & Body
Like with most chicken breeds, the first clue helping you to spot the difference between a Rhode Island Red hen and a rooster comes down to its size, stature, and body shape.
Because it’s a rooster’s duty to protect their flock and dominate their hens, they need to grow bigger and stronger and develop better weapons to fight off predators.
You’ll notice that Rhode Island Red roosters stand more upright, at about 20-22 inches in height, weighing about 15 pounds.
Hens tend to stay closer to the ground, and only stretch up to around 15-16 inches in height, weighing in at about 10 pounds.
Unfortunately, at a younger age than maturity, while your hens and roosters are still pullets and cockerels, they will virtually be the same height and weight, making it harder to distinguish from each other based on just their body size.
Wattles & Comb
Just a quick knowledge check. Wattles are the dangly bits below the chicken’s head. The comb refers to the protruding red crest that grows on the top of their head.
Although both hens and roosters can grow wattles and combs, Rhode Island Red roosters grow their wattles and combs much earlier than hens, from around 6-8 weeks old. This occurs only after several more months for Rhode Island Red hens.
When fully grown, there is no mistaking a rooster for a hen, as their wattles and comb grow to be 3-4 times the size of their hens!
In fact, this is the main differentiator of hens and roosters in most chicken breeds, from silkie hens and roosters to ISA Brown hens and roosters, even to more obscure breeds like the silver laced wyandotte.
One of the simplest differences between Rhode Island Red hens and roosters is the color of their plumage.
Hens’ feathers are usually more muted in hue than roosters’. This muted color provides natural camouflage for the hen when she has to sit on her eggs. That way, she’ll blend in with her surroundings and avoid being spotted by predators.
The Rhode Island Red hen’s plumage is typically a lighter reddish-brown, whereas the rooster’s plumage is a much darker, deeper shade of red, similar to burgundy. It’s not uncommon for Rhode Island Red roosters to also have bluish tinges on their tail feathers, or some white feathers too.
Aside from the many subtle physical differences between a Rhode Island Red hen and rooster, there are also clear temperament differences.
If you’ve ever known a rooster you’ll know what I mean here!
Just like many roosters, the Rhode Island Red is very protective, much more boisterous, active, and clearly takes care of its flock.
You’ll notice these roosters will watch over them as they eat, run over if there is any conflict or a debacle, and will generally follow and trail your hens.
If there is any apparent danger they will round up your hens and shepherd them away from the danger.
Rhode Island Red Baby Chicks Male Or Female?
With any baby chick, it’s very hard to tell the difference based on size, color, temperament, or another normal strategy.
But, there are a few things you can check from as early as 6-8 weeks old to determine whether you’ve got Rhode Island Red males or females.
The most obvious and tell-tale sign you can tell you’ve got a male is by monitoring the growth of the wattle and comb.
This is because roosters will begin to develop their wattles from as young as 6-8 weeks old, whereas it will take hens months longer to start showing any real wattles.
Further to this, hens won’t grow their combs till much later too, whereas a rooster will begin to show a bright red comb anywhere between 8-10 weeks old (if not earlier!)
Still, there are subtle differences between their wings, bodies, and colors from a younger age, but the presence of wattles and combs are the first true tell-tale signs of their sex.
To Sum Up
So, differentiating between Rhode Island Red hens and roosters isn’t so difficult when they’re adults, particularly if you’re familiar with their appearances and temperament differences.
When it comes to knowing whether your Rhode Island Red baby chicks are male or female, you may have to wait until about 6 weeks when you will start to see some clear differences in their wattles and combs.
Remember, young Rhode Island Red females will not grow their wattles and combs for many months, whereas you can see the growth of wattles and combs on young males from as early as 6 weeks old!
With the above-mentioned characteristics, you should be able to expand your skillset and learn new tricks to tell apart the Rhode Island Red hen and rooster.